Press release №1513
31.01.2013
PROBLEM BACKGROUND

IN BRIEF

  • The most important personal problems for Russians are situation in the housing and utilities sector and inflation
  • The same problems are regarded to be the most crucial on a national scale.

Housing and utilities sector and inflation are the most disturbing problems for Russians, both personally and nationally. At the same time, Russians personally are less worried about such crucial issues as corruption and alcohol and drug addiction.

MOSCOW, January 31, 2013. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the data describing the issues that Russians are most worried about, both personally and nationally.

Among personal problems Russians are worried most about the situation in the housing and communal services sector (54%, a year ago – 47%), and inflation low living standards (46% vs. 41% in 2012), and situation in the health care system (43%). More Russians mention pension provision (from 25 to 31%), corruption and bureaucracy (from 24 to 29%), alcohol and drug addiction (from 20 to 29%), state of morality (from 14 to 21%), and ecology (from 11 to 17%). The problems of unemployment (27%), economic situation (15%), and delay in salary payments (9%) are at the same levels.

On a national scale Russians are still worried about the problems in the housing and communal services sector (55%), however less than a year ago (58%). The second position is held by inflation, low living standards (51%, for each), and corruption that was less important for Russians a year ago (48% vs. 51% now). Alcohol and drug addiction is mentioned by 46% of Russians, followed by the situation in the health care system – 40% (a year ago – 49%). The shares of those who think that the most crucial problems for Russia are pension provision and unemployment are 36% (for each group; a year ago – 31 and 41, respectively). Less important are the problems of the situation of youth (29%), state of morality (26%), crime (25%), situation in education (24%), economic situation (23%), influence of oligarchs on the life in the country (21%), ecology (20%), situation in the army (18%), demographic situation (17%), terrorism (14%), and democracy (12%). Least important problem is regarded to be delay in salary payments (8%).

Russians assess personal problems and national problems in a different way. Thus, corruption and bureaucracy are assessed as personal problem by 29%, and as a national problem by 51% of Russians, and drug and alcohol addiction was assessed by 29 and 46% of Russians, respectively.

The initiative Russian opinion polls were conducted on January 12-13, 2013. 1600 respondents were interviewed at 138 sampling points in 46 regions of Russia. The margin of error does not exceed 3.4%.

Which of the following problems do you regard as the most important ones for you personally? (close-ended question, not more than seven answers)
  October  2006 March  2008 January 2009 January 2012 January  2013
Situation in housing and utilities sector 32 45 29 47 54
Inflation 55 68 66 45 54
Living standards    24 26 41 41 46
Health care system 27 44 39 40 43
Pension provision 34 37 34 25 31
Corruption and bureaucracy 14 22 24 24 29
Alcohol and drug addiction 31 33 25 20 29
Situation of youth 19 19 23 23 27
Unemployment 33 28 42 27 27
Situation in education 15 24 19 19 21
State of morality 16 17 14 14 21
Ecology and environment 20 24 14 11 17
Crime 27 28 26 14 16
Economic situation (economic crisis) - - 27 15 15
Democracy and human rights 11 12 10 8 9
Influence of oligarchs on political and economic life in the country 7 6 6 9 9
Situation in the army 12 11 9 5 9
Delay in salary payments  -  - 24 9 9
Demographic situation   9 9 5 6 7
Terrorism 22 13 9 6 6
Hard to tell 2 3 2 5 1

Which of the following problems do you regard as the most important ones for your country? (close-ended question, not more than seven answers)
  I. 2011 I. 2012 II. 2012 III. 2012 IV. 2012 V. 2012 VI. 2012 VII. 2012 VIII. 2012 IХ. 2012 Х. 2012 ХI. 2012 XII. 2012 I. 2013
Situation in housing and utilities sector 52 58 59 54 49 49 52 53 56 55 57 55 58 55
Inflation 59 49 52 49 44 44 46 50 52 50 48 48 51 51
Low living standards    51 51 51 53 50 50 48 49 48 47 51 52 51 51
Corruption and bureaucracy 48 43 47 50 47 45 43 42 47 48 44 50 50 51
Alcohol and drug addiction 47 44 47 52 52 49 49 50 48 48 50 51 43 46
Health care system 32 49 45 43 43 41 40 37 41 41 41 43 43 40
Pension provision 40 31 30 27 33 32 33 34 33 36 37 37 37 36
Unemploy ment 39 41 37 43 46 39 41 40 38 36 39 35 36 36
Situation of youth 32 33 36 36 32 35 31 35 35 30 30 31 32 29
State of morality 18 23 27 23 26 25 24 26 26 26 25 26 27 26
Crime 30 27 26 36 33 27 28 29 28 30 29 31 26 25
Situation in education 14 24 25 22 23 25 27 25 24 23 24 26 26 24
Economic situation (economic crisis) 16 22 22 17 18 19 19 18 20 19 16 16 23 23
Influence of oligarchs on political and economic life in the country 18 22 24 21 21 22 20 21 18 21 22 19 21 21
Ecology and environment 20 18 20 23 25 25 23 25 22 20 20 18 19 20
Situation in the army 11 11 16 14 13 12 11 15 12 14 11 16 15 18
Demographic situation (birth rate, death rate) 7 13 17 13 12 13 13 16 17 16 14 11 13 17
Terrorism 15 13 12 16 19 15 15 16 15 15 15 12 14 14
Democracy and human rights 10 11 12 9 11 11 9 14 9 11 10 8 14 12
Delay in salary payments   17 11 11 10 12 11 9 12 9 9 7 9 11 8
Hard to tell 0 2 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 2

Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!

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